Indo-Russia Relationship: Important SSB Lecturette Topic
Indo-Russia Relationship: Indo-Russian relations refer to the international relationship between India and Russia. During the cold war, India and the Soviet Union had a strong strategic, diplomatic, military and economic relationship. After the collapse of USSR Russia inherited its close relationship with India. Traditionally, Indo-Russian strategic partnership is built on five major components, i.e. political, defence, civil nuclear energy, anti-terrorism cooperation and space. However, in recent years a sixth component has been added that is an economic component.
Indo-Russia Relationship: Most Important SSB Lecturette Topic
- Both countries are members of many international bodies where they collaborate closely on matters related to the national interest. Important examples are- United Nations, BRICS, G20 and SCO. Russia has publicly stated that it supports India receiving a permanent seat in the UN security council. In addition, it has openly supported India’s bid for NSG membership.
- On top of this, it was Russia who stood for India during the 1962 Indo-China war and 1965 war with Pakistan. In August 1971 India and Russia signed a treaty of friendship and cooperation. The treaty came in handy during the 1971 Indo-Pak war and ensured a guarantee against possible Chinese entrance into the conflict in favour of Pakistan and the stand taken by Russia against US 7th fleet entry into the Bay of Bengal. By all strategic and political actions, Russia has proved its sincerity towards India.
- Now I will touch upon Defence Cooperation. India is the second-largest market for the Russian defence industry. Approx 68% of Indian defence equipment is of Russian origin. A large number of defence projects are in the pipeline currently. Some being- construction of naval frigates, Brahmos cruise missile, twine engine hepters, production of S400 air defence system and up-gradation of T90 tanks etc.
Economy and Civil Nuclear Deal
- Bilateral trade between both countries is concentrated in machinery, space, defence, commercial shipping, etc. Bilateral trade which stood at 1.5 dollars in 2002 increased 7 times to 11 billion in 2012. Now a target of 30 billion has been set by 2025.
- As regards civil nuclear energy, Kandalama nuclear power project with two units which are already operational is a good example of cooperation in the energy field. In the end, I would like to say that the trajectory of the relationship between India and Russia is on an upward path.