All you need to know about Kashmir Issue: SSB Lecturette Topic
- Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian Union consisting of Jammu, Kashmir Valley and Ladakh regions.
- The roots of the Kashmir problem lie in the countries shared colonial past. Prior to the partition in 1947, the Indian subcontinent was ruled by British crown directly including some 550 princely states which were also ruled by the British crown indirectly through a treaty. After world war 2, the crown decided to end the British rule and accordingly two separate nations, i.e. Hindu dominated India and on the other side Muslim dominated Pakistan were formed based on the two nations theory by Mohammed Ali Jinnah. The princely states within colonial India not directly governed by the British were given options to join either of the two nations or remain independent.
- At that time, the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir having a Muslim majority population, was governed by Maharaja Hari Singh, a Hindu ruler. Unlike the most of the princely states which aligned themselves to either of the two nations, the Maharaja opted for independence.
PARTITION RELATED VIOLENCE
- As the partition related violence raged across the two nations, Govt of Pakistan pressurised Kashmir to join it. Pro Pakistan rebels funded by Pakistan occupied much of western Kashmir now known as POK. The maharaja at this stage requested the govt of India for help. India agreed to help militarily provided Kashmir acceded to India.
INSTRUMENT OF ACCESSION AND INSURGENCY: Kashmir Issue
- The maharaja readily agreed and Instrument of Accession, the document that aligned Kashmir with the dominion of India was signed in October 1947. The state of Jammu and Kashmir was later given a special status under the Indian constitution- a status which guaranteed that the state of Kashmir would have dominance in the Indian constitution. This was agreed to by the Maharaja and Kashmir was accessed to India. The period of Insurgency began in the 1990s along with two wars that is the Kargil war in 1999 and war in the year 1947 when Pakistan was defeated and Kashmir was accessed to India.
CONCLUSION: Kashmir Issue
- In my views, I would just like to say that the problem of Kashmir has been going on for a very long time now. And the special status of the state was revoked on August 19 2019. Thus, uniting the state with the Indian union. Pakistan has made several attempts to gain control over Kashmir in 1947, 1965 and in 1999. But has failed each and every time. India also plans to one day take POK from Pakistan and make the Kashmir region a peaceful place to live in.