SSB Interview Techniques
SSB Interview Techniques: Selection process involves three techniques. The rationale behind this three-dimensional assessment is to form a holistic picture of an individual’s personality. In other words, human being state of mind can be divided into three shades i.e. conscious, semi-conscious and sub-conscious. To tap human behaviour through various shades of state of mind, these three techniques have been designed.
SSB Interview Techniques
- Psychological technique – By using this technique, an individual’s mind/psyche is being assessed to find out his underlying personality factors that form an integral part of the self.
- GTO Technique – By using this technique, an individual’s personality is assessed when he is in action that too when he is in a group.
- Interview Technique – By using this technique, assessment is done through behaviour observation and analysis of the responses when he is answering specific questions.
- The purpose of selection is to determine the suitability of the candidate for the job for which choice is made. The main requirement in the Armed forces is combatant personality. The job of selection therefore involves personality appraisal with specific reference to officer’s like qualities. There are fifteen officer’s/leadership qualities are assessed which are divided in four factors. The rationale behind of dividing qualities into four factors is to cover all the aspects of human personality i.e. Intellectual, Social, Social effectiveness and Dynamic. Detail explanation of each task is given in succeeding paras –
SSB Interview Techniques
Stage – I/Screening Test
- Officer Intelligence Rating Testing (OIR) – A battery consisting of two intelligence tests i.e. verbal and non- verbal are administered. Each test is consisting of approx. 40 to 50 questions and 20 – 25 minutes are allotted to complete the tests. There is no negative marking.
- Picture Perception and Description Test (PPDT) – This test is consisting of two parts i.e. first part picture perception test in which picture is flashed for 30 seconds and the candidates have to broadly note down basic inputs perceived in the picture i.e. number of characters and age, sex, mood for each character, and brief description of the action in one minute. Once this part is completed, the candidates are required to write a story in four minutes. On completion of this part, in second part discussion test in conducted in this phase batch is divided into different groups. Strength of group is around 15 candidates. Each candidate narrates his individual written story. Subsequently, all the candidates have to discuss amongst themselves and achieve a common consensus about the common group story.
- Post Stage – 1 Process -Once all candidates have undergone stage one. The results for stage one testing are declared. Recommended candidates are retained for stage-II testing and those not recommended are dispatched back.
- Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) – In this test, total 12 Pictures including one blank are shown. Candidates are asked to write a story around what led to the situation? what is going on and what would be the outcome. Each Picture is shown for 30 seconds and candidates are asked to write a story in 4 minutes. In the blank slide, they have to think a picture of their own choice and write a story around that.
- Word Association Test (WAT) – In this test, a series of 60 words are shown to the candidates one after another for 15 seconds each. The candidate is required to write down the first thought or idea that comes to his mind in form of sentence.
- Situation Reaction Test (SRT) – This test consists of 60 routine life situations regarding day to day activities. The situations are printed in a booklet and the candidate is asked to write his reactions by completing the sentences, as to how they would feel, think and act in these situations.
- Self-Description Test -Candidate is asked to write five separate paragraphs on each context about the opinion of his parents/guardian, friends, teachers/superiors and own.
- Group Discussion -Two topics of common interest (social issues and current events) are discussed. It is an informal discussion and not a debate. Each topic is allotted 20 minutes each. No definite conclusion is required to be deduced.
- Group Planning Exercise – It comprises of five stages viz., explanation of the model, reading of the narrative by GTO, five minutes for self-reading by candidates, 10 minutes for individual written solutions and 20 minutes for group discussion. Narration of the group solution and definite conclusion is required.
- Progressive Group Task – It is the first outdoor task. A set of four obstacles with progressively increasing level of difficulties are to be completed in 40 to 50 minutes. Structures, helping material and load are provided to the group.
- Group Obstacle Race – In this task the group is pitched against each other over a set of six obstacles with a snake like load to carry.
- Half Group Task – It has one obstacle similar to progressive group task with helping material and load to be carried. Group is divided into two Sub Groups and assigned the same obstacle in turn in such a way that when one group is working, the other is not allowed to watch it. Time allotted to each sub group is 15 minutes.
- Lecturette -It is an individual task and the candidate is required to give a short talk to the group. Three minutes are allowed to prepare any chosen topic from the four given in the Lecturette Cards for the talk.
- Individuals Obstacles – A set of 10 obstacles is set to be tackled individually. Obstacles are numbered from one to ten, denoting the points each one carries. Each individual is given three minutes.
- Command Task – Each individual is nominated as commander for one task consisting of one obstacle similar to the Progressive Group Task Time given is 15 minutes.
- Final Group Task -Task consisting of one obstacle similar to the Progressive Group Task. Time given to complete this task is 15 – 20 minutes
- Interviews are normally conducted in the afternoon by the interviewing officer. The interviews will carry on from day 2 to day 4. You will be interviewed only once and will be informed about it well in advance. The atmosphere throughout the interview is relaxed and informal. The questions are generally based on your everyday experience
- The conference is the technique where all three assessors after conducting independent assessment they discuss the personality profile of each candidate and ascertain the suitability for the job.